The similarities between ageing and the courses of HIV infection and Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease (AIDS) suggest that HIV infection compresses the ageing process, perhaps accelerating co-morbidities (other illnesses) and frailty
How age-related conditions, such as liver disease, kidney disease, cancer, menopause, cognitive function (thinking and understanding), bone mineral density (BMD), cardiovascular disease (CVD), and lipid and glucose metabolism (process by which food is converted into energy) may be aggravated and/or accelerated by HIV infection itself and by HIV treatments—referred to as Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatments (HAART); and as Antiretrovirals (ARVs)
That Lypodystrophy (redistribution of body fat) is clinically significant because it is associated with the presence of several risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), elevated total cholesterol (blood fats), and elevated triglycerides (fatty acids)
That Maori and Pacific Islanders are at higher risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease at an earlier age
That middle-aged women, who are HIV positive, have risk factors for cardiovascular disease related both to the menopausal transition and to the HIV infection
That age is different from the length of time a person lives with HIV. For example, a 60 year old who is newly diagnosed may have very different experiences and levels of health than a 60 year old who has been diagnosed for 20 years - this person‘s experience and level of health may also be very different depending on whether they have commenced treatments or not. Planning ahead, consulting with your doctor and staying in control of your health in the best way you can, is a practical way forward.